When presence of air or gas is found in the pleural cavity between the visceral and parietal pleura and if it causes the violation of the pleural space then it’s called Pneumothorax. This condition can be life threatening.
Children suffer from primary spontaneous pneumothorax for some lung diseases which is unknown to us. But the secondary spontaneous pneumothorax occurs among the children who suffer from chronic or acute lung disease. Traumatic pneumothorax is caused by penetrating trauma to the chest. If any complication arise during certain diagnostic or therapeutic procedures such as central line placement or as a consequence of mechanical ventilation can cause Iatrogenic pneumothorax.